Amboseli National Park

Size: 392 sq km (151 sq miles)


Amboseli National Park lies at the foot of Africa's highest mountain, Kilimanjaro some 240 km (150 miles) south-east of Nairobi. The snow-capped peak of Kilimanjaro rising above a saucer of clouds dominates every aspect of Amboseli and forms a backdrop to an impressive display of wildlife with its population of lion, elephant, leopard, cheetah, buffalo and other savannah game.


The Amboseli ecosystem is unique.  No other place in Africa combines the special hydrology, topography, geological and cultural history of Amboseli.  Despite modest rainfall, a system of swamps fed by the Kilimanjaro mountain forest catchments support a spectacular array of birds and mammals, dominated in terms of biomass and visibility by a population of some 1,400 African elephants.


The National Park embodies 5 main wildlife habitats, open plains, acacia woodland, rocky thorn bush country, swamps and marshland .


Wildlife

Amboseli has over 80 different mammals, ranging from the tiny (and rarely seen) spectacled elephant shrew to the huge bulk of the African elephant.  Few visitors will go home without superb elephant pictures with Kilimanjaro as a backdrop.  There are also over 400 recorded bird species.


Climate

The climate is mainly hot and dry, as Amboseli is in the rain shadow of Kilimanjaro. The maximum average temperature of the warmest month is 33°C (91°F) during the day, while that of the coldest is 27°C (80°F).


Best time to visit: All year round.